Over 3.6 million folks stay in Connecticut. Many of those folks have skilled pure disasters within the state firsthand. Nevertheless, many don’t notice simply what number of completely different pure disasters can happen within the state or how the chance for some disasters is growing.

Right here we’ll go over what pure disasters happen in Connecticut, the worst pure disasters to hit the state since 2000, and what will be completed to organize.

Is Connecticut At Threat of Pure Disasters?

In comparison with the remainder of the nation, Connecticut has a really low danger of pure disasters. There have been 24 catastrophe declarations in Connecticut since 2000. Of those, 13 have been Main Catastrophe Declarations. There have been 14 catastrophe occasions affecting Connecticut, which brought about greater than $1 billion in damages.

Since 2000, Connecticut has had the next:

  • 24 catastrophe declarations
  • 13 Main Catastrophe Declarations
  • 14 occasions that brought about $1 billion or extra in damages

Worst Pure Disasters in Connecticut Since 2000

Since 2000, all the worst pure disasters in Connecticut have been hurricanes. The most expensive and deadliest ones have been hurricanes Sandy, Ida, and Irene.    

Worst Pure Disasters in Connecticut By Value (Since 2000)

  1. Hurricane Sandy 2012: $81.9 billion
  2. Hurricane Ida 2021: $78.7 billion
  3. Hurricane Irene 2011: $17.4 billion
  4. Hurricane Isaias 2020: $5.3 billion
  5. 2016 Drought: $4.2 billion

Worst Pure Disasters in Connecticut By Deaths (Since 2000)

  1. Hurricane Sandy 2012: 159 deaths
  2. Hurricane Ida 2021: 96 deaths
  3. Hurricane Irene 2011: 45 deaths
  4. Groundhog Day blizzard 2011: 36 deaths
  5. 2020 Easter twister outbreak: 35 deaths

*Value and loss of life tolls are for your complete catastrophe, together with in different states affected.

What Pure Disasters Happen in Connecticut?

1. Hurricanes/Tropical Storms

Since 2000, Connecticut has declared catastrophe 5 occasions due to hurricanes. These have been for hurricanes: Ida, Henri, Isaias, Sandy, and Irene.

Whereas hurricanes aren’t usually as damaging in Connecticut as in southern coastal states, they will nonetheless take a toll. Throughout hurricane Sandy in CT, 4 folks died within the state. Irene brought about 11 deaths in Connecticut. These hurricanes left a whole lot of 1000’s of individuals with out energy and brought about thousands and thousands in damages.

For extra, learn: Hurricane Survive Suggestions

fema hurricane risk map

2. Tornadoes

Connecticut isn’t related to tornadoes, however they do happen within the state. Since 2000, there have been 20 twister occasions that have been F1 or stronger. Whereas none of those tornadoes brought about any deaths, and there have been solely 4 accidents, some did trigger giant quantities of property harm.

The worst twister in Connecticut throughout this era was the July 2013 twister which hit East Windsor, Windsor Locks, and Fairfield County. It brought about roughly $5 million in damages.

To be ready for a twister, Connecticut residents ought to make sure that they know what to do throughout a twister, have a twister storm shelter or designated protected room, and be prepared for energy outages.  

fema tornado risk map

3. Winter Storms and Freeze Occasions

Connecticut has had extreme winter climate, snowstorms, and freeze occasions yearly for the previous a number of a long time. 5 of those have been unhealthy sufficient to advantage a catastrophe declaration.

These extreme winter climate occasions could cause severe issues for residents. Energy outages are frequent when energy traces grow to be overloaded with snow or broken by falling branches or wind. 

In the course of the Halloween Nor’easter in 2011, there have been 830,000 energy outages in Connecticut alone. Some folks didn’t get their energy again for 11 days.   There have been 10 deaths within the state throughout this snowstorm.

It is usually frequent for auto accidents to happen throughout snowstorms in Connecticut. One of many worst was throughout the 2009 snowstorm. Along with the 157 automobile accidents, there have been over 1,100 requires service from individuals who had spin-outs, obtained their autos caught within the snow, ran out of fuel, or different issues.

This exhibits how vital it’s for drivers in Connecticut to have a winter automobile emergency equipment and primary provides like an indoor emergency heater in case they grow to be stranded.

4. Floods

As a coastal state, Connecticut is at excessive danger for flooding. From 2005 to 2014, the state averaged 18 coastal flooding days. Because of world warming, the chance of flooding – together with extreme flooding of 6 ft or extra – is growing.

Along with coastal flooding, many elements of Connecticut are at-risk for river and widespread flooding. One examine discovered that over 106,000 properties in Connecticut have been prone to flooding in 20202. By 2050, this quantity may have elevated to 117,000 properties. Since 2000, there have been over 45,200 flood insurance coverage claims via FEMA in Connecticut.

connecticut floods since 1950
Picture exhibits flood occasions in Connecticut since 1996

The areas in Connecticut at most danger of flooding are:

  • Previous Greenwich
  • Cos Cob
  • Branford Heart
  • East Haven
  • Westport
  • Darien
  • Norwalk
  • Bridgeport
  • Greenwich
  • Hartford

Worst Floods in Current Connecticut Historical past

Connecticut has had quite a few flood occasions since 2000. One of many worst flood occasions was after Hurricane Irene in 2011, throughout which 8,000 properties have been flooded. The 2009 Nor’ester flooded over 2,100 properties within the state and left 110,000 folks with out energy.

Heavy rains throughout the March 2010 floods brought about the Pawtuxet River to crest 20 ft and the Yantic River 13.6 ft. A whole lot of properties have been flooded, elements of highways and Amtrak have been closed, and upwards of 25,000 folks have been left with out energy.

Along with these huge flood occasions, Connecticut often sees smaller, extra localized flood occasions. Nowhere within the state is totally protected from flooding, so all residents have to be ready.

5. Wildfires

In comparison with the remainder of the USA, Connecticut has a really low danger of wildfires. Nevertheless, that doesn’t imply wildfires don’t happen. On common, wildfires burn 500 acres per yr in Connecticut. Throughout occasions of drought, the chance of wildfires will be very excessive.

Along with wildfires, Connecticut generally has fires in mulch beds or grassy areas. These are brought about primarily by folks throwing cigarettes on the bottom.

So, despite the fact that the chance is low, Connecticut residents ought to nonetheless comply with fireplace prevention recommendation, similar to clearing lifeless particles from their yards. It’s additionally vital to know what to do throughout a wildfire, have a Go Bag prepared, and preserve valuables in a fireproof protected.

fema wildfire risk map

6. Warmth Waves

At the moment, Connecticut solely has a average danger of warmth waves, and the state has by no means needed to declare a catastrophe due to excessive warmth. Nevertheless, Connecticut is the fastest-warming state within the contiguous USA.  

For the reason that 19th century, the typical temperature in Connecticut has risen by 3.5F. That is twice the typical of the opposite 48 decrease states.   Consequently, warmth waves will grow to be frequent in Connecticut. The entire high 10 highest temperatures within the state’s historical past occurred since 1990, and 5 have occurred since 2010.

By 2050, it’s estimated that Connecticut may have a mean of 44 days with temperatures over 90 levels. For that reason, Connecticut residents must be ready for warmth waves and the issues that may happen, similar to energy outages.

For extra, learn: How one can Survive Excessive Warmth

heat wave risk

7. Drought

Drought is widespread in Connecticut, and drought danger is just growing.

As a result of agriculture solely makes up a small portion of Connecticut’s financial system, the results of droughts aren’t as vital as in lots of different US states.

Nevertheless, drought nonetheless hurts Connecticut’s farmers, which in flip could cause elevated costs for customers. In some areas of CT, obligatory water conservation measures have been applied.

Elevated drought additionally will increase the chance of wildfires in Connecticut. Burn scars from wildfires, then enhance the chance of flash flooding.

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