In true Texas style, giant alligator gar are lassoed as an alternative of being netted after which taken to shore for fast images previous to being launched.

My earliest childhood reminiscence of the alligator gar dates to a classic fishing article from the Nineteen Forties. It was based mostly on fishing on the White River in Arkansas. The “sport” of the day was for an angler to hook a gar with hook and line whereas one other individual waited to shoot it with bow and arrow when it jumped. To culminate the outing, well-dressed women and men have been photographed subsequent to a pile of 100-pound gar, labeled “trash fish” and destined for the dump. The story rang hole to me as a child, and the dream of catching a type of armor-plated monsters, larger than a lake sturgeon, and with tooth fiercer than any muskie, caught with me for all times.

There was no have to beg my mother and father to pack up the camper and head to Arkansas within the mid-Nineteen Seventies to catch a gator gar, as that they had already been extirpated from a lot of the White River. Dam development within the Nineteen Fifties turned a lot of the river right into a coldwater fishery and eradicated the floodplains crucial for gar replica. Habitat destruction was one of many most important causes for the decline in gator gar all through a lot of their vary.

Crossing the White River off the checklist of doable locations to catch my first gar, it was years later that I realized of a baitshop proprietor in Texas named Elroy Krueger. He was speculated to be catching gar on Choke Canyon Lake, utilizing casting sort out and lures. In about July of 1990, Paul Bristow and I have been enthusiastically casting spinnerbaits for gar beneath his route—three days straight in what appeared like 150°F Texas warmth—and not using a chunk. We did witness Krueger harvest a number of 100-pound fish on setlines baited with deadbait and left in a single day on the lake.

The speak round Choke Canyon was that gator gar have been plentiful and ate something that handed in entrance of them (besides our lures). The nicest factor we heard about them was that that they had agency, white flesh, which had industrial worth in Mexico. It’s doable we have been Krueger’s first and solely gator gar purchasers. All was quiet on the gar entrance for a very long time. However my lack of success didn’t dampen my dedication to catch one in every of these magnificent fish on hook and line.

As a facet notice, Bassmaster revealed an obituary for Elroy Krueger in 2015. A number of high BASS anglers described him as one of many pioneers in match fishing, the best bass angler unknown outdoors of Texas and one of the best spinnerbait angler that Rick Clunn ever met. Primarily based on these phrases of reward, if anybody was going to catch an alligator gar on a spinnerbait, it ought to have been Krueger.

Quick Ahead

Quick ahead to the early 2000s. Captain Kirk Kirkland had been talked about as a Texan who was guiding European anglers to 100-pound-plus gar. Shortly thereafter, Dale Rothstein and I had a visit booked with him. 

Even earlier than our departure, we famous that the final notion of alligator gar had not modified within the years since my Choke Canyon expertise. A name to the Texas Parks and Wildlife Division to buy a fishing license was met with glee and dismay by the agent once I suggested her that we have been touring from Chicago to Texas to catch an alligator gar. She provided recommendation on how you can catch these nasty beasts: “Simply put a chunk of bacon on an enormous hook and toss it in any creek round Dallas.”

Kirkland’s fishing plan was refined and we have been rewarded with a number of gar, together with a fish within the 140-pound vary. My observations from that journey ranged throughout a number of fronts. First, I used to be stunned how rugged the river was with its sandbars, rocky shoals, sunken bushes, and excessive clay banks, together with the shortage of first rate boat ramps that seemed to be a pure protector of those fish. Second, there gave the impression to be loads of gar within the river; the problem was catching choose trophy fish that resided in particular areas. Third, I used to be additionally stunned that nobody besides Kirkland was focusing on the gar—nobody appeared inquisitive about them as a sportfish. The catfish anglers that we met on the river thought we have been loopy to be struggling beneath the summer time warmth for a chunk from such a fish, the extra so after they realized that we meant to launch them.

Catching an alligator gar topping 200 kilos stays a risk as a result of administration efforts of the Texas Parks & Wildlife Division and good catch and launch practices by most anglers.

Even with the final isolation of those fish and lack of curiosity by the general public in them, there have been nonetheless causes for concern relating to the long-term survival of those fish. A trophy alligator gar could dwell to be 50 to 80 years previous and but spawn solely a handful of occasions in its lifetime. Plus, the prevailing detrimental perspective towards gar had some folks capturing them with rifles or bows and leaving them to rot within the river. The widespread killing of massive mature gar may do extreme harm to their inhabitants and depart generations with out the enjoyment of experiencing these stunning relics from the Jurassic interval.

A repeat journey with Kirkland in October 2006 was much less profitable. We caught only some fish, and nothing over about 60 kilos. A chilly entrance and end-of-season situations have been prone to blame for the outcomes. We famous solely marginally extra angling strain on the river throughout that journey however nothing to point a big decline within the gar inhabitants. The next yr, Johnny Morris and his son killed a 240-pound gar whereas bowfishing a personal lake adjoining to the Trinity River. The media buzz surrounding that fish was intense and the recognition of killing these fish exploded.

From a thousand miles away, I may solely hope that these long-lived fish may survive the onslaught. I wrote a number of articles advocating them as a sportfish. In-Fisherman additionally ran a noteworthy article about fishing for gar and the necessity for gator gar conservation. In-Fisherman additionally filmed a number of reveals with Kirkland, selling the necessity to protect these nationwide treasures. Texas Parks and Wildlife started tagging research to raised perceive the character of the fish and fishery. Finally, a one-fish-per-day restrict was instituted all through a lot of Texas.

A Most Current Tour

After greater than a decade-long hiatus, I used to be again on the Trinity River final summer time after gator gar with fishing companions Jim Reed and Cole Lundquist. For this journey, we have been beneath the steering of Captain Bubba Bedre. The journey was an eye-opener in a number of respects. In the beginning, there have been nonetheless loads of huge alligator gar round, as evidenced by the 7- to 8-foot fish that we caught and launched every day of the journey, together with again to again fish topping 7 toes to finish the journey.

Current profitable spawns have been evident by the variety of smaller fish current on the higher Trinity and presumably even larger numbers of gar under Lake Livingston. Right here one in every of Bedre’s guides was routinely touchdown 15 to twenty fish per day, together with sufficient 100-pound-class fish to maintain issues fascinating. The general well being of the alligator gar inhabitants in Texas was additional famous after talking with Dan Daugherty, a analysis biologist with Texas Parks and Wildlife. He instructed me about greater than a half dozen Texas rivers that supported good populations of massive fish, together with the nearshore waters of the Gulf that harbor nonetheless untouched shares of fish.

Lots of the boat launch websites on gar rivers in Texas are non-public, for use with permission solely and at your personal threat. A number of the “public” launches are worse.

Though the boat launch websites haven’t gotten any higher on the Trinity, the quantity of strain on the river has skyrocketed. Each Bedre and Kirkland have extra guides engaged on the river. Greater than a dozen guides now function on the Trinity. We noticed a number of bowhunters and leisure catch-and-release gar anglers every day of the journey. Many anglers knew Bedre and have been asking for his recommendation or help on quite a lot of gar matters. One was even seeking to begin exploring Choke Canyon Lake as a doable fishery to information on for gar—how issues come full circle.

With the added strain, the fish appeared to behave in another way from my prior visits to the Trinity. Massive fish didn’t spend a lot time rolling on the floor. Once they did come up, it was for a fast gulp of air with solely their head breaking the floor. They appeared to wish to disappear as quietly as doable. Fish additionally didn’t maintain on to baits as lengthy or swim off as aggressively. They gave the impression to be reacting to the added strain.

Setting Baits & Setting the Hook

When setting deadbaits for alligator gar, the method is way totally different from catfishing. Baits normally are positioned away from present for gar. Accordingly, no extra weight is required to carry baits on the underside. A free-sliding pole float is added to the mainline and acts solely as an indicator of the motion of gar after they choose up a bait. Reels are left in freespool and hooks will not be set on the preliminary take.

With the boat pulled up on an inside river bend, a number of rods are used to cowl the realm all through slack water or alongside present edges. Usually, when a fish takes one of many baits, the opposite strains are reeled in and the boat pushed off the financial institution to observe the fish.


Alligator gar could be “choosy” eaters. They ceaselessly choose up a bait and swim off previous to consuming or dropping it. With the fish given additional time to eat the bait, the boat could be positioned over the fish to get a strong hook-set, a lot as is finished for fishing suckers beneath floats for muskies.

Throughout our most up-to-date journey, we had success downsizing baits and setting hooks on fish throughout their preliminary run with out ever shifting the boat off the financial institution. So, no method renders a 100-percent hookup fee, however setting the hook faster guards higher in opposition to gut-hooked fish.

Muskie Gear

We additionally found the fun of combating these fish on muskie gear consisting of an Abu Garcia Revo Beast 60 reel spooled with 80-pound braid and paired with an Abu Garcia muskie rod. Coming from the Midwest and having a background in muskie and pike fishing, it was thrilling to combat 50- to 250-pound gar with acquainted lighter gear.

Certainly, throughout our first journey to the Trinity, we had packed outsized Shimano Thunnas 16000 baitrunner reels, spooled with 150-pound PowerPro line on 10-foot 6-inch Lamiglas surf rods. That was nice gear however overkill for a fish that doesn’t take lengthy runs and tires comparatively rapidly. With the Abu muskie setup, we have been in a position to get higher leverage on fish and solid lures extra successfully to surfacing gar.

For anglers extra snug battling these fish on spinning setups, Bedre has topnotch Eagle Claw Flats Blue Rods, paired with Penn Torque 7500 reels and 100-pound Spiderwire braid. With this gear, alligator gar could be fought aggressively with out completely exhausting them. This permits fish to be launched in high form. The heavy line additionally helps to land big gar that tangle via sunken bushes in an try to flee.

Lure Fishing & Extra

Fishing with recent cutbait remains to be the norm on the Trinity, however Bedre suggested us how good lure fishing could be early within the season when the river is flooded and massive gar transfer up into the flooded fields. Utilizing gradual, regular retrieves, Rat-L-Traps with upgraded hooks are high producers—however huge gar additionally lash out at Whopper Ploppers. The considered a 200-pound gar blowing up on a topwater in 4 toes of water has me planning one other journey.

One other constructive notice throughout this most up-to-date journey was that leisure anglers are attempting to enhance their deadbait rigs to scale back hurt to fish that they meant to launch. Anglers are utilizing smaller hooks that pose much less of a threat to gar when swallowed. By bridling baits with a separate piece of line, smaller hooks are left completely uncovered with not one of the hook hole impeded by the bait.

Experimenting with bait sizes additionally appears vital on these pressured fish. Because the Trinity River at present has an abundance of fish beneath 48 inches, upsizing to an entire carp head discourages small fish from stealing baits. If a big bait is being pestered and not using a strong take, it’s taken away from fish and repositioned in hopes of interesting to bigger fish. When small fish weren’t being pests, we downsized baits, permitting huge fish to take the bait extra intentionally and enabling us to set the hook on the gar’s first run. This implies a greater hookup ratio and fewer gar taking the bait deep.


The usage of Bedre’s Garmin LiveScope sonar was one other sport changer. With LiveScope, every doubtless fishing spot on the river was scanned previous to setting out a line. The dimensions and placement of gar detected on the sonar dictated the scale and placement of every bait. Simply as importantly, we may rotate the sonar when a fish began to mess with a bait inside about 80 toes of the boat and gauge the fish’s measurement. If it was small, we took the bait away from the fish to keep away from disturbing the whole bait unfold. With an enormous fish on LiveScope, the boat acquired quieter and the focus stage elevated. This sonar was so delicate that we may see the swivel and bait on a lot of the rigs and infrequently watched as a fish swam off with the bait.

Over the last day of our journey, proof of the gradual development charges of mature gar and the necessity to protect them was bolstered by catching a tagged fish that measured 79 inches. The tag was blackened with algae and troublesome to learn however the knowledge it revealed have been enlightening. The fish was tagged in 2009, at 72 inches. Over the course of a decade, it had grown solely 7 inches.

A closing bit of excellent information: particular laws have gone into impact as of September 1, 2019 to assist defend mature alligator gar on the higher portion of the Trinity River. Below these laws, no gar over 48 inches could be harvested with out holding a particular harvest allow, which Texas Parks and Wildlife provides by random draw to license holders. As well as, all alligator gar harvested from public waters should be reported inside 24 hours to help the state in gathering info on the distribution, measurement, and variety of gar harvested all through the state. A one-fish-per-day harvest restrict stays in impact for many fisheries all through Texas. Hopefully, this outstanding sportfish will survive into the longer term.

*In-Fisherman Discipline Editor Steve Ryan, Chicago-area, Illinois, is a improbable multipsecies angler, who additionally travels the world seeking sportfishing adventures.

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